The name “tabby cat” evokes many things to different people. The old term “alley cat” may come to mind for some people: the rough lurker, with a scarred nose, tattered ears, jagged alleys and dumpsters. Others will think of their favourite cats.
Tabbies are so ubiquitous that many people think of them as a breed. Not so; tabby is a pattern of colour, most often stripes, but sometimes stripes and whorls, or even spots and stripes. The tabby pattern is so popular that it can be found today in many purebred cats, and is accepted in a number of breeds by the most popular registries.
Although there are many variations of each, the tabby pattern is divided into four basic classes. A fifth includes tabby as part of another basic colour pattern, e.g. the tabby ‘patched’ tabby, which may be a calico or tortoiseshell cat with tabby patches (the latter is called ‘torbie’). Some pointed breeds also allow “tabby patches” in their colour standards. Is it any wonder the tabby cat is so ubiquitous? Actually, the tabby pattern gene can be found in all domestic cats. One day look at a “coal black” cat in the sun and see if you can find the hidden tabby markings.
Types of tabby patterns
Classic: This pattern usually has turns ending with a “target” on the side of the cat. Many American shorthair cats show this pattern. The cat shown in this picture has a very high color contrast, which clearly shows its whorls.
Mackerel (striped): This is by far the most common pattern, so much so that some people think it should have been given the title “Classic”. Mackerel tabbies have striped rings around the tail and thighs, a striped “necklace” on the front of the chest and solid or broken striped bands on the sides of their body. They will be darker in colour by dots aligned in two lines on the belly (called “vest buttons”). The ginger kitten in the table shows an example of broken stripes. You can click on the image to see a larger version. The same cat is shown above as an adult.
Spotted: The Ocicat and the American Bobtail are good examples of spotted tabby patterns, although some Moggies may also show this colour pattern. The American Bobtail in the graphic perfectly illustrates the spotted tabby pattern. (This cat also illustrates the American Bobtail section of my breed snapshots).
Agouti (checked): Most tabby cats will have agouti hair in their patterns. If you look closely, you will see different bands of color along the length of the cat’s hair. Cats with an all-titch pattern will almost tickle in sunlight, due to the colour variation. The abyssinian in the chart is a classic example of a tabby or agouti pattern.
Breeds that accept the Tabby model
As mentioned, many breeds today accept the tabby pattern in one variant or another. Indeed, a 21-pound “English Tabby” was published at the world’s first ever cat show, held at the Crystal Palace in London in 1871. The following is a list of breeds that are allowed to appear in the CFA tabby pattern:
American Shorthair (the classic model)
American Wirehair – Burmese (tabby points)
Colorpoint Shorthair (tabby dots called “Lynx dots”)
Egyptian Mau (the original spotted tabby)
Exotic (Shorthaired Persians)
Javanese (Lynx Points)
LaPerm (has its roots in a “barn cat”)
Maine Coon (probably the most popular tiger cat)
Norwegian Forest Cat
selectively bred to create the stains
Oriental (with 112 tabby combinations!)
Ragdoll (Lynx Points)
Rex (Devon, Selkirk and Cornwall)
Siberian (another “natural” breed of tabby cats)
Somali (long hair checked)
Turkish Angora (14 designs / tabby colours allowed)
Turkish van (6 designs / tabby colours)
The most distinctive feature common to all tabby cats is the “M” on their forehead. You’ll also see this M on many of the larger jungle cats, such as tigers, cheetahs and ocelots.
In Egyptian times, the first legend about this unique inscription Cats were called Mau, probably reflecting their conversational sound. The word Mau also translates as seeing or light. Since cats’ eyes look so bright at night, it was only two steps away from associating these glorious animals with the moon and their markings reflecting this relationship. The Egyptian Mau is a direct descendant of these ancient Egyptian cats; domesticated as an offspring of the African wildcat, it bears the M to this day.
The tabby in the nursery
Another wonderful legend about the origin of the “M” tells the story of Mary and the tiger cat in the manger. It seems that the baby Jesus was cold and restless and Mary asked the manger to come closer to warm him up. The manger was simply too small to do this, but a little tabby cat came in and nested beside the baby and pampered him with a warm purr. Mary was so grateful that she gave her own initial, “M”, to the cat’s forehead.
Mohammed and the Tabby
The legend of Islam tells us that Muhammad loved cats. One story tells us that he once cut a sleeve off a piece of clothing when he had to go to prayer rather than disturb his cat, Muezza, who slept on the sleeve. It is said that the reason he loved cats so much is that one day he saved her life when a snake crawled up his sleeve. (This may be a variation on the well-known story of Muezza.) Legend also says that Muhammad granted cats the ability to always land on their feet. One of Muhammad’s writings tells of his vision of a woman being punished in hell for starving her cat to death. These stories have all led to the assumption that the “M” symbolizes the enormous esteem Mohammed felt for cats and that the sight of the “M” on a cat’s forehead evokes memories of Mohammed. In any case, cats are still generally protected and respected in the Islamic world and even allowed inside mosques.
Our favourite story of the beautiful “M” was told by Jim Willis in his story, Beloved of Bast, which is included in his book “Pieces of My Heart – Writings Inspired by Animals and Nature”. It tells the story of an old brown tabby cat named “Mother”, and I was honoured to be able to reprint it for my readers.
Another frequently quoted article states that in ancient Egypt cats were worshipped as gods and that they had never forgotten it. Indeed, the goddess Bastet was depicted with a cat’s head and Re, the sun god, was often depicted in the form of a cat.
No wonder tabby cats are particularly worthy of the esteem in which we hold them. In fact, many of them create their own legends, a fact that many of you will attest to.
Your Dog’s Poop: When You Should Worry
Although it may seem strange to you, know that checking and observing your dog’s Poop is one of the daily tasks that every owner should perform. The colour, consistency, frequency, quantity or any change in our dog’s stool can alert us to a possible pathology or change in his body.
This can be an unpleasant subject, but it is very important that you know what the different types of stools are in dogs and what they mean. With this article Stool Types in Dogs and what they mean, “First-time Parents” offers you a complete guide to dog stools! Are your dog’s stools normal?
Find out quickly!
What Are the Stools of a Healthy Dog?
The owner is the first to detect any change in his dog’s stool. It’s important to stress that just because you notice a change doesn’t mean that something serious is happening, sometimes it’s just a mild gastrointestinal disorder like we have.
In any case, you must remember that the dog is not able to tell you that he is not feeling well, so you will have to be alert to any abnormalities, such as changes in urine, the frequency with which he defecates or behavioural changes…
What Should a Dog’s Poop Look Like?
If you’ve been living with your dog for a while, you’ll know far too much about what his stool should look like by picking it up every day… However, there are 4 parameters that veterinarians use to evaluate a dog’s stools:
Colour: the normal colour of a dog’s stool should be “chocolate” brown, due to the pigment Stercobilin. Changes in stool colour can indicate various health problems, which we will discuss in more detail below.
Consistency: A dog’s deposits should have a firm consistency. Stools indicate that the intestines do not carry out a correct absorption but, on the other hand, stools that are too firm can be a symptom of dehydration. If your dog has occasional changes in consistency, there’s no point in you worrying more than that, but if the change persists for more than a day, you’ll need to make an appointment with your vet as soon as possible.
Content: The appearance of the residues must be uniform. However, it is precisely in the content that we can find worms, foreign bodies or hairs…
Finish: the faeces must not have a layer or “coating” around them. When you pick up your dog’s faeces, you must never see any traces of mucus or blood.
Now that you know what a healthy dog’s stool should look like, let’s continue our article Types of dog stools and what they mean and look at more specific cases.
Why a Dog Defecates Black?
Black diarrhea in dogs or consistent black stools are a cause for concern. Usually, these types of deposits indicate the presence of blood in the upper part of the dog’s gastrointestinal tract. There are several causes that can cause it, but often it is an ulcer in the stomach. Is your dog’s stool black? Consult your vet immediately!
Worms in Dog Feces
Does your dog’s poop have white dots that look like little grains of rice? This is probably due to the presence of worms in the stool. Internal parasites are usually eliminated through the deposits, that’s when we can detect them although we can see them directly by looking at the dog’s anus. When in doubt about a possible parasitic infection, we recommend taking a fecal sample and taking it to the veterinarian so that he can choose the most appropriate treatment.
If you think your dog may have internal parasites, go directly to the veterinarian to have them removed. Parasites consume all of your best friend’s key nutrients and cause a significant drop in his immune system’s defences. That’s why it’s important to religiously follow your best friend’s de-worming schedule.
Dog stools containing giardia
Giardia is a protozoa that attacks the gastrointestinal tract, the main symptom of which is diarrhoea. It is important to emphasize that a dog with Giardia will not have any parasites in the stool, so to diagnose it you will need to go to the vet so that he can analyze your dog’s deposits under a microscope.
The stools of dogs with Giardia can vary and be either completely normal or watery. If you have any doubt, you should keep your eyes open and see if other symptoms appear or not:
Loss of appetite
Green Stools in Dogs
Green stools in dogs can indicate the presence of any type of parasite, such as giardia. It can also be a symptom of too much grass ingestion or an allergy or a type of bad reaction to certain elements of his diet.
If your dog’s stools are green on various occasions, it’s best to make an appointment with your veterinarian to have them analysed. It is common for the specialist to ask us to do two or more tests, this is because many parasites, such as giardia, are eliminated intermittently, hence the importance of repeating the tests.
Stools Containing Yellow Mucus in Dogs
If you’ve noticed mucus in your dog’s stool, you need to be on the alert. Clear, yellow or gelatin-like mucus can be an indicator of several problems. There are many causes that can lead to yellow stools in dogs, here are a few:
Irritable Bowel Syndrome
White stools in dogs
White stools in dogs may indicate that the dog is on a diet containing too much calcium. This is common in dogs on the Barf diet, which includes raw, fleshy bones. Another possible reason is that the dog has ingested something he shouldn’t have.
Especially when talking about anxious or stressed dogs, behavioural problems related to chewing may occur, so this is when they start to eat stones or other objects. We could also be dealing with a possible case of Pica syndrome, when dogs eat anything, although it is by no means food.
Paying attention to changes in your dog’s behaviour is fundamental, as is making an appointment with a veterinarian if the events occur continuously.
Grey Stools in Dogs
Grey excrement in a dog is also a concern. It may indicate a gallbladder or liver disorder. The most common health problems associated with gray stools are :
Pancreatic exocrine insufficiency occurs when the pancreas does not produce enough digestive enzymes and therefore the stool is not as brown as it should be.
Liver problems: The liver does not function properly.
Bile duct obstruction: If there is an obstruction, enzymes cannot pass from the gallbladder to the intestines and the dog’s feces are therefore grey.
Bloody Stools in Dogs
There are many reasons that can cause blood in a dog’s stool, but without a doubt they are all considered veterinary emergencies. It will therefore be very important to take your dog to the vet in all these cases and especially when there is an abundance of blood.
Here are some of the things that can cause your dog to have blood in his stool:
Foreign body in the intestine
There can be many reasons for blood in the stool, from simple ingestion of soil, an object that irritated the rectum, to much more serious situations, such as cancer. You need to stay calm and contact a professional as soon as possible and, if possible, bring a stool sample. If there is a lot of bleeding, don’t wait another second and go to the emergency room as soon as possible. The sooner a diagnosis is made, the better the prognosis.
This article is purely informative, on “First-Time Parents” we do not have the expertise to prescribe veterinary treatment or make any diagnosis. We invite you to bring your animal to the veterinarian if it presents the symptoms of a febrility or a disease.
Is The American Bulldog The Right Dog For You?
The American Bulldog is a very strong dog, but he is also a very playful and affectionate hound.
The “boul’am” as he is known, is not recognized outside the United States but there are breeders outside his native land, which deliver pedigrees. It remains a rare breed of dog even in the United States.
The American bulldog is not an ordinary dog. He is not “better” than other breeds, nor more dangerous, no: if breeders frequently advise to have at least a first successful experience, it is mainly because of the work necessary to educate him and make him sociable. This work is demanding, on the one hand, and on the other hand, when the efforts are insufficient, started too late or stopped too early, the consequences can take on proportions beyond your control. The commitment that this requires with less demanding dogs is often underestimated.
A long job of at least 18 months should be carried out, with kindness, without ever getting angry and with an awareness of what it really means to make your dog sociable. By doing the right thing, the American Bulldog will be your faithful provider of joy and tenderness in high doses!
Character of the American Bulldog
There is no FCI standard. The American bulldog is not a breed recognized by the FCI. The character or temperament of the American Bulldog, according to the ABNA standard, is described as :
American Bulldog Puppy
We wanted this dog to be confident and a good watchdog. It’s a jovial breed that attaches quickly and strongly to its humans.
Other registries publish standards, such as the UKC which describes the boul’am as follows: a gentle, loving family companion that is brave enough to face an angry bull or human intruder.
What do breeders say? Most of the time, they highlight:
his cheerful temperament
its great energy
A dog described in this way does not like solitude. He is in demand to learn and have fun with you. Sensitive, despite his appearance, he has as much muscle as love to give and receive. This is important: it is an integral part of his requirements to be a well-balanced dog.
We’ll see where his pushy side comes from and why it’s better not to use the word “stubborn”. This is a dog that needs to be given tasks to perform – not necessarily to keep, but through games and sports activities.
We find, in the boul’am standards, something that may seem curious: a certain distance with strangers and an ability to impose himself with other dogs is accepted* (ABA) or a belligerent attitude towards other dogs is not considered a defect (NKC) and also: it is common for a young American bulldog to be rather distant with strangers (UKC).
Let’s take an interest in the history of this breed which will enlighten us on these last characteristics.
Origins of the American bulldog
In the United States, for the use of the American bulldog, they say “catch dog”: a dog that has been bred to catch cattle that live without a pen.
Some point out its resemblance to the first English bulldogs – the ones that were first called “bulldogs” in the 17th century and used (among other things) to catch bulls, a cruel activity for animals that was banned in England in the 19th century. Others say that several centuries later, the famous “Original English Bulldog”, probably introduced in the United States in the 1730s, is indeed the ancestor of the boul’am, but one must take into account the mixing with other breeds.
It should be remembered that there is no written record of the history of the American bulldog before the 19th century and that farmers, mainly in the south of the country, needed a dog capable of catching large livestock living in the wild.
Thanks to its exceptional physical abilities, this dog has proven to be useful for hunting. It is believed that at least one hunting dog has been crossed with the American Bulldog at one time.
The breed is therefore bred to guard and control large, semi-wild animals, protect farms and hunt.
Bully/Classic and Scott/Standard
Its history is ancient and partly unknown. And the American bulldog almost disappeared.
Bully. It was in the 1940s that John D. Johnson began to work on the breed, then often referred to as the American Pit Bulldog. He changed his name and defended what he called “the true American bulldog”: stocky, athletic and imposing. It is the American Bulldog type bully or Classic, which is more of a guard dog than a farm dog. Crossbreeds have been made with English bulldogs and mastiffs. The bully has a little less “drive” in English. He is less of a hunter and is more of a working dog.
Standard. Another breeder marked the history of the breed at the same time: Alan Scott. After having collaborated with Johnson, Scott continues on his own. He turned to a different dog, which he needed in his farm in Alabama. This “version” of the American bulldog, called the Scott or Standard type, is therefore more of a farm dog than a guard dog. Crossbreeding has been done with pitbulls. A little more predatory, the Scott type is basically a better hunter. He’s not built to work like the bully. His socialization with other dogs is considered more delicate.
Before these two enthusiasts, there were very different dogs according to the regions, which even had different names. This prevented any recognition of the breed. This is still the case today, outside the United States: there are too many different “versions” for the other national and international registers (FCI).
In addition to the differences in temperament, note the physical differences. Characteristics that are too pronounced are not accepted by the standard, but the differences are clearly visible.
In addition to its thicker, more powerful appearance, the bully has a shorter muzzle with the lower jaw a little more forward (6.5 mm for the standard) – this is called “prognathia” but in this case it is not a defect. The Standard American bulldog is slender, with a longer muzzle.
The breed was recognized in the United States in 1970 by the NKC and then it was recognized by other American registries before being exported abroad. The boul’am arrived in Australia in the late 1980s (where it is still not recognized by the ANKC) or in France a little later. In the absence of recognition by the national bodies and the FCI, it is the American registers which deliver pedigrees.
Today, there are many hybrid American bulldogs. It’s a mix to try to bring out the best of both types. So there are breedings of Standard, Bully and Hybrid.
And there are hybrid American bulldogs that are more Bully type and others that are more Standard type.
Raising an American Bulldog…
The American bulldog is not stubborn, possessive, manipulative or jealous. These words are used when behaviors have developed with inappropriate approaches and in inappropriate environments, most often due to lack of experience and knowledge. This can happen with any breed of dog.
This vocabulary only takes us further away from solutions to change the disturbing behaviours.
The fact that education seems more difficult with some breeds, does not depend on the dogs. It depends on what we do with them, on the experiences that are repeated every day, on the environment in which they live. The American bulldog is only difficult to train if you don’t know what to do.
So what makes it difficult for the neophyte? One can mention his tenacity, his energy and his great need for stimulation.
Tenacity. Perseverance is also a word that may be appropriate. These are more realistic words than stubborn: the problem is not the dog who doesn’t listen but the human who hasn’t found how to make him listen. We needed a dog with the physical ability to catch bulls (and huge wild pigs) but also the tenacity to do so. Born to persist, the boulam has skills to learn but, as many breeders point out, this type of dog requires the ability to teach itself.
Energy. Today, the American bulldog is used mainly as a guard and companion dog. But it is a very energetic dog that needs daily exercise. Despite his size, he can do agility and many other sports activities. Puppies should not run and jump too much while growing up.
Stimulation. It is a dog that needs a lot of activities and not alone. If you teach your boulam to be alone for a few hours each day, which is possible, you should also plan a few hours of activity with him.
A breed standard describes how we wanted this dog.
It does not describe how your dog will be.
Your dog will be what you make him.
Socializing an American Bulldog
Same advice (very important) as for the Cane Corso because it is a common mistake: you should not take for granted the behaviour of your puppy which, in the case of the boubou, continues to evolve until 18/24 months, i.e. 1 year and a half to two years.
Moreover, to make his dog sociable, it is not enough to make him frequent a maximum of dogs and a maximum of different people.
Here is what it is important to know :
Socialization must start right away…
… but he should only have pleasant experiences for up to 6 months (and more of course, but this period is crucial). You have to be actively involved…
…so just seeing dogs walking around or behind the fence isn’t enough, nor the caresses of a few visitors once or twice a month… The first few months are crucial for the rest…
…but you have to keep trying until he’s an adult
When the American bulldog reaches the age of 18 months, the normal confidence of the breed is affirmed (the standard).
For this dog to reach this maturity without becoming exuberant or aggressive, you must start at the beginning and persevere all the way through by showing him what to do when you are a good dog and without ever losing patience, by motivating him to behave well and not by threatening him because he misbehaves.
So when he grows up and becomes strong, you don’t have to be stronger than him.
When you have to do the work that hasn’t been done, it’s extremely difficult without help. You don’t have to wait to get help and you need to choose a professional who doesn’t ask you to use a choke or spike collar, trap your house or buy a bull’s-eye**.
Other useful information
If you decide for the boul’am, you must absolutely obtain one of the American pedigrees but beware of scams.
The American bulldog generally lives 10 to 12 years, sometimes more. It’s a breed whose general health is good but it is necessary to be vigilant during the acquisition: the parents of the puppy must be imperatively tested (dysplasia among others).
It is often inadvisable with cats, other dogs and sometimes with young children, but a puppy can be taught to live in harmony with all this little world.
Having your dog or bitch spayed or neutered at the time deemed appropriate by the veterinarian does not act like a magic wand but can facilitate his socialization with other dogs.
The American bulldog is not a first class dog. Learning “on the job” is a bad idea, for the happiness of your dog and yours.
Min Pin Dog
Energetic, curious and quick-witted, the Pinscher is one of the most entertaining dogs. Their elegance and developed musculature reflect their robustness and power. Endowed with admirable courage, they are efficient watchdogs, always ready to protect those they love.
Dwarf Pinscher: 25 to 31 cm / Medium Pinscher: 45 to 50 cm
Dwarf Pinscher: 8 to 12 lb/ Medium Pinscher: 28 to 40 lb
Average life expectancy
12 to 14 years old
Short, short, smooth and glossy. It has no undercoat, therefore no shedding.
Black and tan or one colour deer red/dark brown/red.
Pinschers must be fed twice a day. The daily ration of the average Pinscher is 200 to 250 grams of kibble while that of the Miniature Pinscher is 100 to 150 grams of kibble*.
Beware, overfeeding can quickly make Pinschers obese and thus harm their health. It is important not to give them sweets.
*The amount and type of food the Pinschers eat depends on their weight, age and state of health.
Behaviour and traits of the Pinscher
Pinschers are energetic, robust, lively dogs with a great character. Courageous and protective, they are excellent guardians, always in a hurry to sound the alarm when a stranger or animals approach the house. They can be suspicious of strangers or fellow dogs. In order for them not to become aggressive, early socialization is required.
The latter is a real ball of energy and does not stay still for a moment. However, it does not need large spaces; it can spend all its energy inside.
Bold and daring, they are not discouraged by their small size and are not intimidated by those larger than themselves.
Although intelligent, the Dwarf Pinscher is sometimes described as stubborn. His education must therefore be firm.
He is sensitive and very protective. Very attached to his master, he is devoted to him with an extraordinary loyalty and fidelity. That is why he is the watchdog par excellence. Although they have great aptitudes for training, they must nevertheless be trained firmly.
Pinschers are very easy to groom. The maintenance of their short coat is limited to a weekly brushing. You can also massage their coat with a rubber glove to remove dead hair and excite the sebaceous glands that will make the hair shiny.
One bath per year is sufficient. When it is cold, it is advisable to dress the Pinschers, as their short coat does not always give them sufficient protection.
Frequent health problems in Pinschers
Pinschers are hardy, robust and long-lived dogs. However, they are prone to certain diseases. The most common health problems in this breed are :
- Patella dislocation;
- Legg-Perthes-Calve disease;
- Skin problems;
- Tremors (low cold tolerance);
- Congenital heart disease;
- Hip dysplasia; Cataracts;
- Skin problems;
- Tremors (low cold tolerance)
Is the Pinscher right for you?
The Miniature Pinscher lives well in an apartment (with a few outings per day), as it does not require a lot of space.
The average Pinscher can also live in an apartment, but will prefer a house with a fenced backyard.
The Pinscher is suitable for all family situations.
It is more or less compatible with the presence of young children, as it can be lively, even biting with them if it is handled roughly and without consideration.
- The master of the Pinscher must be active.
- He must also be available to spend several hours a week walking and visiting the park.
- The Pinscher is one of the most energetic dogs in the world.
- His temperament is ideal for people who love action and movement.
- It is less suitable for those seeking peace and quiet.
- The Pinscher should not be confused with the Doberman Pinscher.
To be considered in the Pinscher
- Excellent guard dog
- Simple and occasional grooming
- Protective and devoted to his masters
- Adapts well to most environments
- Needs constant mental stimulation, requires a lot of energy
- May be distrustful of strangers and aggressive with other animals.
- Requires a strong education
- Not recommended for novices
All You Need to Know About Shiba Dog
Physical characteristics of the Shiba Inu
The Shiba Inu is a small, well proportioned dog with a sturdy structure, good bone structure and good muscles. He looks a lot like an Akita Inu in miniature. The head has a broad forehead, well developed cheeks, a fairly pronounced stop, a straight muzzle and a black nose; a flesh-colored nose is permitted in white dogs. The muzzle is moderately thick, not too long, pointed. The eyes are rather small, slightly triangular, set wide apart and dark brown in colour. The ears are small, triangular, straight and slightly tilted forward. The withers are high, the back is straight and short. The legs are straight and well developed. The tail is set on high, thick and carried over the back, strongly curled in sickle shape.
Hair: Hard and straight, with soft, thick undercoat.
Colour : Black and tan, red and white, sesame (equal mixture of white and black hairs), red sesame (background of red hair mixed with black hair).
Size: 39.5 to 36.5 cm
Weight: 6 to 10 kg
Origins and history
Its region of origin is the mountainous area in central Japan. We don’t know his ancestors for sure. In Japan, the breed has been protected since 1936. Not very widespread in France until a few years ago, the Shiba Inu is now a sought-after dog.
Character and aptitudes
It is a very active little hunting dog, always on the move, friendly with everyone. They generally get along well with other dogs and pose no problems for the house cat. In Europe, the Shiba Inu is mainly a companion and show dog, but in reality, it is a very good hunter of hares, foxes and even bears, despite its small size. It is an excellent guard dog. Happy and friendly, he likes to play and is a very good companion for children. He is not very obedient and tends to be rather independent, a bit like a “cat-dog”. It will be necessary to ensure a sustained education during its first year.
Without being sticky or fond of cuddling, the Shiba remains very attached and faithful to its social group for whom it will be a good protector in case of need.
This doggie has the bad reputation of not being very affectionate, but this will mainly depend on the education received and the complicity created with the members of his social group.
In spite of his very independent temperament, this dog will not be against a game if he considers it to be in his interest.
He will love to play with young and old, especially if these games bring him mental and olfactory expenditure.
Here again, his character will vary according to the education he will have received from a young age and the right answer to his spending needs.
The Shiba dog will be able to enjoy quiet moments, but only if his needs are met. If this is not the case, he will then be able to turn and turn in all directions until someone deigns to give him the attention he needs.
Like many primitive dogs, the so-called fox dog is an intelligent, mischievous, cunning animal with great abilities.
Unfortunately, their independent and sometimes stubborn temperament can lead one to believe that they are not so independent. And yet, he will be able to show his great qualities if he perceives meaning in the proposed interactions.
His hunting instincts are highly developed and can sometimes be disarming on the move. In fact, the Shiba Inu puppy will have to learn very early the notions of renunciation and recall to guarantee his safety and the peace of mind of his owners during walks.
His strong instinct will sometimes be incompatible with the fact of letting him go everywhere. His masters will then have to be vigilant.
Fearful / distrustful of strangers:
The Shiba dog’s independence is such that he can be fierce with strangers. Very distrustful of strangers, this dog does not give its trust to anyone easily.
This character trait makes him a good warning guard.
Like many of its primitive cousins, the little Japanese dog is very independent. However, they will greatly appreciate the presence of their masters even if they show few signs of affection.
His independent, cuddle-unfriendly temperament could mean this tough little dog accepts solitude without flinching, yet he’s not cut out to be alone all day.
This dog will need regular stimulation and is not made to sit for long hours doing nothing.
Easy to train / obedient :
Here is the big black spot of the Shiba Inu breed: its docility! It can be very difficult to get the cooperation of this dog. If he doesn’t perceive any sense or coherence in what is asked of him, he doesn’t obey and can then be very stubborn.
The educational bases will have to be started from the youngest age of the Shiba Inu puppy and the emphasis will have to be put on recall to control his strong hunting instinct.
The education will certainly have to be firm but always respectful of the principles of positive and benevolent education.
This dog will bark easily, but without excess, which allows him to be a good warning guard.
His highly developed hunting instinct due in particular to his primitive side (which means that the breed was little modified by man) makes him a great runaway who will not hesitate to follow a trail without turning around.
The Shiba dog will therefore have to evolve in a fenced and secure environment to avoid having to constantly go in search of it.
His need for almost constant activity and his reluctance to be left alone make him a dog who can destroy anything that passes under his nose, simply to keep busy.
If this is the case, his masters will then have to question him in order to offer him a daily life more adapted to his true nature.
Greedy / glutton :
The greediness of Shiba is such that it will be the perfect weapon to obtain satisfaction during education sessions.
Barking and distrustful of strangers, this cute little dog is certainly not a great deterrent, but will be keen to protect his social group and familiar territory from possible intruders.
This magnificent fox dog is particularly elegant, with a much appreciated physique, but one should not rely solely on these criteria for the adoption of a first dog.
Its reluctance to obey coupled with its strong hunting instinct must be aspects to be taken into account before an adoption, especially for a first adoption.
Given its small size, it adapts well to life in an apartment, provided that it is out several times a day and that it is able to exercise. If these conditions are not met, it can become destructive and will be unhappy. However, it will prefer to live in a detached house with a garden. His coat is very easy to clean.
Shiba Inu in apartment :
The Shiba dog will be perfectly able to evolve in an apartment if his needs of expenditure are met daily through several outings.
Living in a house with a garden will also suit him but he will have to take care to fence well and secure the environment to avoid running away.
Very solid and particularly robust, the Shiba Inu will be able to live outside but will still appreciate the comfort of a house heated in winter.
In any case, whether it lives in an apartment, a house, indoors or outdoors, the Shiba will need daily outings to meet its many physical, mental, olfactory and social needs.
Need for exercise / sport :
The Shiba needs a lot of exercise to be well in his legs and in his head. Many activities will have to be proposed to him and several outings per day will be necessary, all the more so if he lives in an apartment.
The ideal for this Japanese dog will be to follow his master in various sports activities such as cani-running, on foot, bicycle or scooter.
Travel / Ease of transport :
The small size of the Shiba Inu is ideal for transport but its lack of docility and impatience can sometimes be a brake for long trips.
A good education and early socialization to the various situations and people he will meet will be necessary to facilitate transportation.
The Shiba Inu and the Cats:
If this little dog grows up with a cat, he’ll be able to get along very well and live with it. On the other hand, beware of his highly developed hunting instinct with cats he doesn’t know.
The Shiba Inu and Other Dogs :
The Shiba is not known for its great sociability but if a socialization is proposed in an early and intelligent way to the Shiba Inu puppy, he will get along well with his fellow dogs and will even be able to cohabit with them.
However, beware of whole males that might not find any common ground.
The Shiba Inu and children :
Very protective of his own, the Shiba will get along wonderfully with the children who make up his social group with whom he will enjoy playing.
Be careful, however, to respect the dog’s rules of life and warning signs to ensure everyone’s safety.
The Shiba Inu and the Elderly :
This active and mischievous dog is not compatible with sedentary people. He will need to go out several times a day, whether it is snowing, raining or windy, and above all to be regularly stimulated and trained with firmness.
Resistant / robust :
A hardy dog, the Shiba is solid and does not suffer from any particular disease.
Withstands the heat:
The Shiba will tolerate heat but must nevertheless be able to hydrate continuously and rest in the shade.
Withstands cold :
The soft and thick undercoat of this Japanese dog gives him a very good protection against bad weather and extreme living conditions.
Tendency to grow :
The greediness of the Shiba dog has its advantages for education but must not become excessive at the risk of this doggie suffering from overweight.
It will be necessary to take care to offer him a quality food and meals at fixed times and not in self-service all day long. It is also important to avoid giving him food outside of his meals (except for a few treats for his education).
Frequent illnesses :
Very strong, the Shiba Inu is rarely sick. However, it can be subject to skin allergies and suffer from hip dysplasia or dislocation of the patella.
Care and grooming
The positive point of the dog Shiba Inu is that its maintenance remains minimal. He is self-cleaning and therefore does not need to be groomed.
Despite his thick coat, the Shiba will only need regular brushing to ensure a beautiful and clean coat.
Hair loss :
Outside the moulting periods, hair loss is moderate but continuous.
In spring and autumn, the moulting period is impressive, as he sheds his hair literally in bunches. Brushing should then be done daily.
The price of a Shiba Inu varies according to its origin, age and gender. It is necessary to count on average 1500$ for a Shiba dog registered in the LOF. The highest lines can be sold up to 2200$.
Concerning the average monthly budget, it is estimated at 30$/month depending on the quality of the food offered as well as the care necessary to maintain the dog in good health.
Average life expectancy: about 13 years
Help 911! My Dog Ate Gum: What Should I Do Now?
Identical to children, dog could be arduous to manage typically and we don’t at all times have the facility over what they do at sure time limits, or what they eat. So, what if my dog ate gum, or it took it to the following stage by consuming a pack of gum?
Nicely, the problem of canine and gums are a long-standing matter of concern, and it’s the accountability of any canine mother or father to know what impact gum can have on their beloved pets.
It is equally vital to learn to be sure that the canine is okay after this sort of episode.
Possibly you simply got here again from work and also you came upon that the one that you love canine has entered your gum stash and have ate up some of the goodies there.
In fact, the primary intuition of any canine proprietor is to panic, and that isn’t a flawed pure response to that form of scenario.
Goodies are dangerous for canine, and gum could be simply as lethal, so the panic button is a wonderfully pure key to press right here. Nevertheless, the scenario isn’t all dangerous and you’ll be higher knowledgeable towards future occurrences whereas managing your current scenario.
How about we discuss this gooey scenario at size? That manner, simply what to do when confronted with like conditions.
My Dog Ate Gum. Is It Okay?
In as a lot as we might advise you to not panic when your canine treats itself to a pleasant meal of gums, it isn’t wholesome in your canine to have some. Canine have had a medically confirmed enemy in chocolate for a really very long time now, and from that perspective, gum can be an enemy to their system.
When your canine eats gum, it may very well be high-quality so long as there is no such thing as a xylitol in that piece of gum but when there occurs to be, there could be hassle in paradise then.
What is xylitol? and why is it bad for dogs?
Xylitol is a synthetic sweetener that has been added to gums to make them have the style that we want in them, however it may be poisonous to the physique system of canine.
Xylitol within the bloodstream of canine would event a collection of chain reactions, all of which aren’t fascinating to their general wellbeing. For instance, xylitol would instantly trigger huge manufacturing of insulin within the canine’s physique, successfully reducing the glucose ranges and inflicting an enormous discount within the canine’s blood sugar.
If this isn’t handled on time, the canine can begin to expertise liver failure, some seizures, and so forth.
In case your dog ate a pack of gum
a model which is understood to include xylitol – it might begin displaying hostile signs in an area of 30 minutes to 12 hours. The canine doesn’t have to eat a lot to get down too.
Analysis proves that as little as 50 milligrams of xylitol in the body of your pet is enough to cause the side effects to show up. This xylitol we now have been hammering about is a element of sugar-free gums which, though good for the human enamel, is detrimental to the canine well being.
In contrast to people, canine should not effectively knowledgeable sufficient to know that gum is to be chewed earlier than it’s being swallowed. They get all the pieces within the high focus into their stomach directly.
This isn’t the way in which gum is supposed to be consumed by people who made the sticky little mounds of flavour, and you’ll make sure that it received’t go down the identical manner.
Asides from the xylitol situation we addressed already, digestion points might additionally spring up.
So, in a single line, your canine is certainly not okay after consuming some gum.
Can My Dog Eat Sugar-Free Gum? Is It Toxic?
Sugar-free or not, gum is supposed for people and never for pets, however that asides, the sugar-free gum must be the worst alternative of deal with that you would be able to give to your pet. Regardless of how sugar-free a bit of gum is, there’s nonetheless the candy style in there, and this has been achieved by means of synthetic sweeteners.
On this case, xylitol is used, and it is vitally dangerous to the well being of your canine .
what you should do?
You’ll be hard-pressed to discover a canine proprietor who doesn’t know that chocolate is dangerous for his or her pet. Nevertheless, not this a lot know that xylitol is a good larger evil that might rob them of their canine.
Whereas a canine would wish to eat a considerable amount of chocolate (relative to their measurement) earlier than they began to indicate probably the most important signs, a little bit of xylitol is enough to kill your dog.
Read More : Your Dog’s Poop: When You Should Worry
Does your pet have a case of dangerous breath that you’d look to appropriate?
Does your pet have a case of dangerous breath that you’d look to appropriate? Or has it performed one thing so exceptional that you just want to reward its diligence and dedication?
There are a variety of the way on the market to deal with dangerous breath on canine. There are additionally certainly one million and one treats that you would be able to give to your canine, asides gum.
The upside is, these treats received’t kill your pet, and also you each stay secure and blissful.
The most effective factor is to chorus from giving your canine gum of any form, sugar-free or not, and just be sure you maintain all packs of gum out of sight to keep away from your pet serving to themselves to only a chunk, or a few it.
How To Inform If My Dog Ate Gum?
Okay, so possibly you’ve got simply came upon that a number of the gum you stored on the desk is gone, and also you don’t know the place it went. Possibly it additionally occurs that you’ve got a canine round the home, and also you want to be certain if it has been close to the pack or not (for its personal security, that’s).
Nicely, it shouldn’t be arduous to inform in case your canine has eaten a pack of gum from the form of signs that it might begin to give off.
Preserve shut tabs on the canine as they’ll begin to exhibit symptoms within just 30 minutes and will span so long as 12 hours.
Totally different canine have completely different ranges of tolerance. The burden of the canine and the quantity of gum consumed can be a think about figuring out how briskly the signs would begin to present.
Throughout the preliminary minutes or hours of your canine consuming gum, you’ll begin to discover a slew of signs equivalent to:
Drop in blood stage (resulting in collapse)
Haphazard co-ordination skills
The final symptom has been positioned there for a cause.
Sadly, when you don’t deal with your canine quick sufficient or get them underneath the care of a vet, they might die from the pack of gum they ate.
That’s the reason it’s good to be observant of your pet, and when you begin noticing all of those signs, get in contact with a vet along with your issues.
My dog is sick, what now?
If it was that you just had a pack of gum mendacity round, and also you imagine that your canine might need taken some, maintain the canine shut by for commentary.
Be sure to have an area vet on velocity dial on the similar time. It is healthier to be secure than sorry. Select secure.
What Should I Do Now If My Dog Swallowed Bubble-Gum?
The primary advise to canine house owners after they discover out that their pets have swallowed some gum is to not panic. Severely, panicking would simply make issues worse, and you must be a gradual mind-set to cope with the scenario head-on.
The really useful factor to do is to place a name to your vet, and allow them to know what has occurred.
Relying on the quantity of gum your canine has taken, and their weight being considered, there may not be a problem with the pet.
This doesn’t imply it’s best to neglect to go get them checked although. Negligence like that may be expensive and it’s higher to only nip issues within the bud as quick as they arrive.
Critical Errors You Must Avoid
As we now have advised you what the correct factor to do is when your canine eats gum, there are additionally errors that you must keep away from. Until your vet has okayed it, you aren’t to induce vomiting in your canine by your self to get them to expel the gum they took.
Likewise, chorus from administering any oral remedy to the canine. There’s the prospect that you’d simply find yourself making issues worse for the canine. For instance, your canine would possibly have already got a case of hypoglycaemia and making them vomit might simply make issues worse for them.
5 most effective methods to keep gum away from your dog
Now that simply how dangerous gum could be for the well being of your canine, it’s time to begin taking a look at methods to cease your canine from having simply a few of that bar of sweetness.
1) By no means give gum to your canine as treats
Step one begins with you guaranteeing that you just don’t have any course to provide gum to your canine. There are a number of canine treats on the market, and all the pieces has been deemed secure in your canine, so keep on with these.
2) Preserve gum out of attain of canine
Protecting your packs of gum out of attain can even assist so much. Analysis has proven that a number of canine house owners calling the Pet Helpline admitted to having left a pack of gum mendacity round.
We stated gums should not good for canine, and this isn’t restricted to these contemporary from the pack. Ensure that your jackets and baggage are at all times held on doorways too, or behind a closet (that is the safer possibility).
In case your goodies are stored in your coat pocket and left to hold round, an clever canine would possibly simply devise a approach to get to it.
Your canine would eat nearly something, and if it smells good, they’re certainly going to desire a style of no matter is in there.
3) Preserve your canine on a leash
Protecting your canine on a leash would possibly seem like a troublesome alternative, particularly if you’re one which love your pet to roam freely, however you could be doing the furry fellow a number of good.
If you end up going out on a stroll along with your canine too, preserve a leash on them always. This is able to allow you to see regardless of the canine is doing and by that, you may stop them from scavenging on gum remnants which may have been spat on the sidewalk.
In case your canine is one that’s recognized to scavenge so much, think about using a muzzle for them if you end up going out to get some contemporary air.
4) Take care of chewed gum correctly
The onus additionally lies on you to correctly get rid of chewed gum supplies. Leaving them anyplace round the home could be an invite in your canine to feed on the remnant.
5) Inform those around you that chewing gum is harmful to dogs.
Lastly, Educate everybody round you on the hazards of gums to canine, and so they respect your no-gum coverage in your canine.
Your Dog, Chewing Gum and You!
Your canine can be an integral a part of the household, so it’s best to make an effort to care in your furry little bundle by paying attention to them and observing them. Be effectively knowledgeable and guided about sugar-free gum and the imply content material that causes hurt to canine – xylitol.
Whereas it could possibly’t be advised the precise quantity of xylitol that’s contained in every bar or bubble of gum (that is being stored as a commerce secret by each producer), know that virtually any quantity may cause extreme discomfort in your pet, and you could possibly lose them too.
With the growing use of xylitol in dwelling merchandise by producers, you will need to maintain tabs on each jar whose content material is made from xylitol within the dwelling.
Asides out of your packet of gums, you would possibly need to maintain the peanut butter out of sight too.
In all, at all times search skilled medical assist when your canine ingests gum, otherwise you begin noticing any of the signs above.
Don’t assume you may handle your pet by yourself. Ultimately, you would possibly simply find yourself complicating issues. Search skilled assist in your pet right now.
Pleased canine parenting!